The Mikmar Combination Bit
Legendary Horseman Frank Evans, founder of the Mikmar Bit Company, designed the Mikmar Combination Bit. It is highly acclaimed worldwide for its versatility, unique design, and excellent results. As the rider applies pressure to the reins, this unique design disperses pressure to the nose, mouth, chin, and poll areas. Frank Evans' goal was to be able to protect a horse's mouth and at the same time get desired results. It sends a clearer signal to the horse, allowing the rider to use a softer hand.
Mikmar Low Port Mouthpiece
The Mikmar Low Port Mouthpiece offers the same design as the standard Mikmar Bit, but offers a lower port of 3/4 inch in height. It provides less palate pressure than our Standard Mouthpiece.
Mikmar Curved Low Port Mouthpiece
The Mikmar Curved Low Port Mouthpiece offers the same design as the standard mouthpiece, but provides tongue relief, as the mouthpiece contours around the tongue. It provides less palate pressure.
How the Combination Bit Works
The bit operates through both direct action and leverage, with the addition of nose pressure, when desired. It is to be used with a leather curb strap or curb chain, and can be used with or without a Cavesson. There are a variety of options for rein configurations. When attaching a single rein to the nose rope, and the rider applies pressure (pulls) on the reins, it sends a signal simultaneously to the nose, mouth (bars and tongue), chin and poll, instead of to just one focused area. The horse receives pressure to the nose rope and curb strap, through the cheek pieces, just ahead of the mouthpiece. The nose rope applies downward and backward pressure and the curb strap applies upward pressure. This encourages vertical flexion. The wide, mild mouthpiece immediately following, rotates slightly and slowly downward and back to apply pressure over the tongue and bars. The width of the mouthpiece gives the horse an advanced signal that there is an incoming request. The bit also incorporates a copper roller, which stimulates saliva production, and keeps a nervous or "busy- mouthed" horse pacified. Also, it discourages the horse from putting the tongue over the bit.
Other rein configurations are attaching a single rein to the cheek pieces upper rein slot for direct pressure, similar to that of a snaffle, or to the lower rein slot for the function of a leverage bit, or to the nose rope for divided pressure. Double reins may also be used in any combination of the three rein positions. The most popular rein configuration is attaching one rein to the nose rope (for divided pressure) and one rein to the upper or lower slot on the cheek piece.
The Mikmar Standard Mouthpiece - What sizes does the mouthpiece come in?
The Mikmar Bits come in three sizes: 5.25 inch, 5.5 inch, and 6.25 inch. Their unique design makes it unnecessary to break down the width of the mouthpiece into quarter inch increments smaller than 5.25 inch, (like a snaffle for example). The 5.25 inch bits fit anywhere between medium size ponies, up to large Warmbloods. We do not recommend the 5.25 inch for Small Ponies (Shetland type) or Medium to Large Draft Horses. The 5.5 inch is ideal for very large mouthed warmbloods, but most warmbloods fit in the 5.25 inch. The 6.25 inch mouthpiece is for any size Draft Horse. The design of the mouthpiece and the shanks makes it possible for the bit to work on different size mouths, without any discomfort to the horse or loss of bit effectiveness.